Periodontal (Gum) Treatment
Often the first signs of periodontal (gum) disease are when bleeding occurs while brushing or flossing the teeth. Bad breath can also indicate the presence of an infection. At Dr. William Cheung & Associates, our dentists and hygienists evaluate the gum health of each of our patients as part of a comprehensive oral evaluation. Dr. Simon Ho, our Specialist in Periodontology, will design bespoke treatment plans and procedures on a case-by-case basis to support the healing and maintenance of the teeth, gums, and supporting bone.
Health Consequences of Gum Disease
In addition to tooth and bone loss, research also links periodontal disease to systemic conditions, such as heart disease, diabetes, low birthweight babies, and even certain types of cancer.
Early gum disease, called gingivitis, is often characterized by bleeding, sensitive gums. Some swelling and foul breath may also be present. In the early stages, gum disease is often reversible with improved home care and professional dental cleanings.
Advanced gum disease, called periodontitis, may include the following:
- Swollen, red gums
- Gum recession
- Pocketing between the teeth and gum tissue
- Bone loss
- Tooth mobility
- Bad breath
- Pain while eating
- Pus and pocketing at the gumline
Periodontitis is not reversible, but it is manageable with appropriate treatment protocols and a home hygiene routine, such as brushing twice daily, interdental cleaning, and using oral rinses or medication recommended by your dentist.
The mouth is the gateway to the body and having a healthy mouth is part of maintaining overall health. Treating gum disease as soon as possible can mean a healthier smile and a healthier body.
Depending on the individual needs of each patient, we offer the following ways to treat gum disease.
Basic Periodontal Treatment
Basic periodontal treatment consists of a dental cleaning, or a series of teeth cleanings, to remove tartar and bacteria above and below the gumline. Depending on the depth of pocketing, antibiotic medication may be placed in the pockets to assist with healing.
Each patient will receive a recommendation for the frequency of their dental cleanings to control gum infections and promote healthy tissue. Our dentists will explain the recommendation and answer any questions regarding treatment.
During the healing process, additional dental cleanings can support patient health. It also gives our dentists and hygienists an opportunity to monitor healing and make any necessary adjustments or perform additional treatments to keep the mouth healthy.
Periodontal Surgery and Laser Dentistry
Occasionally, when gum disease has advanced into later stages, removing and reshaping the gum tissue can help preserve healthy tissue and speed the healing process. Our Central Hong Kong dental practice offers both traditional and laser surgical procedures.
Gum (Soft Tissue) Grafting
When severe tissue loss exposes the roots of the teeth, the teeth can become sensitive and more prone to decay. Soft tissue grafting from one part of the mouth to cover the exposed roots can prevent tooth loss and improve patient comfort.
Contact Our Dental Office to Learn More
For more information, we invite you to contact Dr. William Cheung & Associates and arrange a dental appointment to speak with one of our dentists.